Paderne was conquered in 1189 by D. Sancho I, but the town was only Christian for a short time as it was returned to Arab sovereignty three years later by a famous Almohad caliph. The village was not retaken by the Christians until 1248 when Paderne Castle, which is one of those to figure on the Portuguese flag, was captured from the Moors.

Other monuments that are well worth visiting are the Watermill, the Castle Bridge, the Main Church, and the Chapels of Nossa Senhora do Pé da Cruz and Nossa Senhora da Assunção (Our Lady of the Assumption).

Apart from being rich in cultural heritage, Paderne is well known for its dynamic people who are filled with a spirit of initiative.